Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance is the inability to break down the lactose (milk sugar) in dairy products, due to a deficiency of the enzyme, lactase.  Symptoms include fatigue and gastrointestinal difficulties (e.g., malabsorption, flatulence, abdominal distension, watery stools).  On a world-wide basis, most … Continue reading


Diarrhea is a condition whereby stools are liquid and movements are frequent.  It can be caused by bacterial infection from food poisoning (“turista”), from deficiencies of disaccharidase enzymes, or from irritation of the colon.  In acute diarrhea, especially in infants, … Continue reading

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease (regional ileitis, regional enteritis) involves chronic non-specific inflammation of the lowest part of the small intestine.  Symptoms may come and go and include diarrhea, abdominal pain, anemia, weight loss, fistula formation, and eventual intestinal blockage.  Stools are soft and … Continue reading

Colon, Irritable

Both the small and large intestines are involved in this syndrome of impaired intestinal motility.  Symptoms include cramping, usually in the lower abdomen, and constipation alternating with diarrhea.  The pain is usually relieved by the passage of either small-diameter stools … Continue reading


Colitis is inflammation of the colon.  In severe cases the colon can become ulcerated.  Symptoms include the passage of offensive watery stools with mucus and pus, abdominal pain or tenderness, and intermittent or irregular fever. Colitis is invariably caused by hidden … Continue reading

Low Stomach Acid (Hypochlorhydria)

Most children and many young adults can usually eat whatever they like without experiencing gastric distress.  Unfortunately, the older we get, the less hydrochloric acid our stomachs produce.  Most people over age 40 could benefit from some form of digestive support. … Continue reading